Types of Succulents With Their Name and Picture – Identification Guide – Outdoors, Indoors, and Hanging Succulents

Succulent varieties

Succulents are a type of plant with thick fleshy leaves that grow well in warm dry conditions. All succulent species store water in their leaves, roots, or stems. Although most varieties of succulents have green leaves, some kinds have shades of red, blue, purple, pink and orange. Succulents are generally small compact plants that make great houseplants that require little maintenance.

There are an estimated 60 different plant families that contain varieties of succulents. Some well-known succulent genera include aloe and agave from the order Asparagales and echeverias, as well as jade plants and kalanchoes from the order Saxifragales.

It is important not to confuse succulents with cacti. Although the majority of cacti plants are classed as succulents, not all succulents are cacti.

In this article, you will learn about many of the most popular types of succulents. Knowing how to identify the different succulent species can help to know how best to care for them. You will also learn the common and botanical names of succulents to make identification easier.

How to Identify Succulents

The best way to identify succulents is by their leaf shape and growth habit. Of course, fleshy leaves are what classifies succulents apart from other plants.

Some succulent species have fleshy leaves that grow in a rosette shape, giving the plant a spiky look. Other types of succulents have spiky, oval, smooth, or strappy-shaped leaves. With some varieties of succulents, you may notice tiny ‘babies’ growing along the leaf edges.

With some succulent species, it can be difficult to tell them apart. For example, pictures of an echeveria and sempervivum may look remarkably similar. This is because both of these succulent genera are in the same order of fleshy-leaved plants.

Types of Succulents With Names and Images – Identification Guide

There are many different types of succulents and cactus that you can plant indoors or outdoors. This article contains a list of succulents and cactus with their picture and common name to help you identify them.

Types of Indoor Succulents (With Pictures) – Identification Guide

Most succulents grow best in warm, dry climates. This means that some species of succulents are best suited for growing indoors.

Let’s look at some of the best succulent houseplants to help compliment your décor.

Aloe Vera (Aloe barbadensis)

A picture aloe-vera

Aloe vera is a common type of succulent that can grow both indoors and outdoors

Aloe vera is one of the most well-known types of succulents. Aloe vera is a fleshy green succulent plant that is characterized by its gel-filled leaves that have a soothing, healing nature. Aloe vera is just one of over 500 types of aloe plants in the genus Aloe.

Aloe vera is a tropical succulent species that can be identified by its long thick leaves that have slightly jaggy edges. Aloe vera doesn’t have a stem, but the fleshy leaves grow directly from the ground in a rosette-type shape.

Aloe vera plants also flower in the summertime. Long spikes up to 3 ft. (90 cm) tall grow up from the aloe plant and they have yellow tubular flowers drooping from the ends.

You can plant the aloe vera succulent in cactus potting soil or in a regular potting soil with extra perlite added to it.

Aloe vera can be grown outdoors in USDA zones 10 – 11 and in a protected area in the garden in zone 9.

Succulent identification: The aloe vera is a spiky succulent with easily identifiable bluish-green thick fleshy stems containing a gel-like substance. Look for tooth-like jaggy spikes along the pointed leaf margins.

Lace aloe identification: This aloe is identified by its white lacy patterns on the green pointed leaves. The succulent also has white small, raised bumps covering the fleshy leaves.

lace aloe

Lace aloe

Golden toothed aloe identification: The golden-toothed aloe plant has identifiable broad triangular leaves with spiky margins.

Golden toothed aloe

Golden toothed aloe

Burro’s Tail (Sedum morganianum)

Sedum morganianum (‘Burro’s Tail’ - a flowering perennial succulent)

‘Burro’s Tail’ is flowering perennial succulent that is great for hanging baskets

‘Burro’s Tail’ is one of the best types of succulents to plant in hanging baskets due to its long trailing stems. Also known as ‘Donkey’s tail,’ this cool succulent has numerous small blue-green plump leaves that make the plant look like a tail. The long stems of the beautiful Burro’s Tail succulent can grow up to 2 ft. (60 cm) long.

Burro’s Tail is a species of perennial succulent that flowers. Usually, its small dainty pink or red flowers appear during the summer. As with most succulents, this succulent species requires full sunlight to keep the leaves a healthy color.

If you live in a warm climate, you can grow Burro’s tail outdoors in USDA zones 9 – 11.

Succulent identification: Burro’s tail is an easy succulent to identify due to its thick trailing stems covered in small, fleshy crescent-shaped leaves growing in a spiral pattern around the stem.

Flaming Katy (Kalanchoe blossfeldiana)

kalanchoe blossfeldiana flowers

Kalanchoe succulent flowers come in a wide array of colors and include single flower (pink and red flowers in the picture) and double blooms (the yellow kalanchoe blossfeldiana ‘Calandiva’ cultivar)

The Flaming Katy is a cool flowering succulent variety that has shiny dark green leaves and beautiful flowers in the fall. Flowers on this succulent variety can be red, pink, orange, white, or yellow. The leaves of flaming Katy are ovate in shape and have a serrated edge. They form an interesting cup shape when the plant is mature.

A beautiful cultivar of Flaming Katy is called Calandiva plant (Kalanchoe blossfeldiana ‘Calandiva’). You can distinguish between Flaming Katy and Calandiva plants by their flowers: Flaming Katy has single-petaled flowers whereas Calandiva has showy flowers with double petals like a rose.

Although you can grow these types of Kalanchoe succulents outdoors, they are very sensitive to the cold. So, it is best to plant Kalanchoe in a succulent soil mix in a container and enjoy their beauty indoors.

You can grow kalanchoe plants outdoors if you live in USDA zones 10 and 11.

Succulent identification: The Kalanchoe blossfeldiana succulent has deep green leaves growing on short stems. This Kalanchoe plant has broad, rounded leaves with beautiful red, pink, orange, white, or yellow flowers.

Jade Plant (Crassula ovata)

A close-up picture jade plant with green leaves

Jade plant is a popular indoor succulent that symbolizes good luck

Also called the Money Tree plant or Money Plant, the Jade Plant is an evergreen perennial succulent. Its thick shiny green leaves are oval or wedge-shaped and have delicate red edging on the tips. Identification of the Jade plant is by its thick trunk and multitude of leafy stems. Leaves can be up to 1.4” (4 cm) wide and 3.5” (9 cm) long.

To care for your jade plant succulent indoors, grow it in a room temperature of 65-75 °F (18-24 °C). In many cultures, jade plants have come to symbolize good luck and, therefore, this succulent is also named the Lucky Plant.

Jade plant is hardy in USDA zones 10 and 11.

Succulent identification: The jade plant succulent is identified by its rounded, leathery leaves that develop red blushing in full sun. The tree-like succulent has thick woody stems and may produce clusters of star-shaped pinkish flowers.

Echeveria

echeveria

Echeveria succulents include many cultivars with beautiful colorful varieties

Echeveria is one of the largest genera of flowering succulents in the family Crassulaceae. Identification of the echeveria succulents is usually done by the compact rosette shape of its fleshy leaves.

Succulents in the echeveria genus are also some of the most colorful varieties. For example, the ‘Plush plant’ (Echeveria pulvinata) has lime green leaves with pink edges. The Echeveria laui is a blue type of succulent, and some species also have beautiful pink succulent leaves.

Some types of echeveria grow well outdoors in zones 9-11, but most people keep them in containers inside as a low-maintenance houseplant.

Succulent identification: Echeveria succulents have characteristic pointed leaves growing in the shape of a rose. The echeveria leaf shape helps identify these small succulent plants—some are rounded, others are triangular-shaped, and some have long spoon-shaped fleshy leaves.

Related: Echeveria Types and How to Care for Echeveria Succulents

Plush Plant (Echeveria pulvinata)

Plush Plant

Plush plant is a small succulent that can be grown both indoors and outdoors

Native to Mexico, the Plush plant is a succulent that has ovate green leaves with pink tinges to the edges. Fine hairs on the succulent leaves give the plant a slightly fuzzy feel and appearance. The beautiful leaf coloring intensifies when it gets enough sun and it produces stunning orange flowers when it blooms.

Plush plant succulent is hardy in USDA zones 9-11.

Succulent identification: The plush plant echeveria is described as a fuzzy succulent with silvery-green leaves covered in white soft fine hairs.

Red Velvet Plush Plant (Echeveria pulvinata ‘Ruby’)

Red Velvet Plush Plant (Echeveria pulvinata 'Ruby')

The red velvet plush plant has attractive green leaves with red margins

The red velvet plush plant is a green and red fuzzy succulent with lance-shaped fleshy leaves and small orange flowers. Unlike other species of Echeveria succulents, the red velvet plush plant leaves grow alternately on upright stems. The jade-green succulent leaves have thick reddish-pink fuzzy margins, giving the succulent an attractive appearance.

Other names for Echeveria pulvinata include Echeveria ruby, red velvet, and ruby slippers. The heat-loving succulent thrives in warm, sunny places and can withstand drought reasonably well.

Succulent identification: The red velvet plush plant succulent has pointed leaves characteristic of Echeveria plants. The bright red or pink edges on the thick leaves help tell the plant from other species of Echeveria.

Lithops

lithop

Lithops are unique flowering succulents that include many varieties

Some of the more unusually-shaped succulent species are those in the Lithops genus. These succulents are also named ‘living stones’ or ‘pebble plants’ due to their stony appearance. In fact, their name comes from Greek for ‘stone face.’

For many people, lithops are some of the coolest succulents you can grow indoors. The shape of lithops comes from 2 plump succulent leaves that are almost fused together. New leaves and flowers emerge from between the two leaves, causing them to split apart. The fat leaves can be in brown, gray, cream or green colors and have a bumpy texture. When growing in the wild, it can sometimes be difficult to tell lithops apart from stones.

When Lithops succulent flowers, it produces white or yellow flowers and this usually happens in the fall.

Lithops are hardy in USDA zones 10 and 11.

Succulent identification: Lithops are identified as small succulents that look like pebbles or stones. The pebble-like succulents have an identifiable split stem that divides when a new stem grows. However, the ‘living stones’ are hard to classify as they come in various colors and shapes.

Further reading: Living Stone Plant (Lithops): Care and Growing Guide.

Bear’s Paw Succulent (Cotyledon Ladismithiensis)

Cotyledon

The decorative leaves of ‘Bear’s Paw’ succulent have fuzzy appearance

Looking at pictures of the Cotyledon Ladismithiensis, it is easy to see why it is also named ‘Bear’s Paw.’ The succulent leaves are covered in tiny hairs and the tips have teeth-like tips with delicate red edges, making the leaf resemble a paw.

When growing in the right conditions inside, the Bear’s Paw succulent can grow up to 3.2 ft. (1 m). Its thick fleshy leaves grow haphazardly on the stems, giving the succulent a bushy appearance.

As with growing most types of indoor succulents, you should grow Bear’s Paw succulent in a container just bigger than the root system. Deep watering once a week during the summer helps keep the plant healthy.

Bear’s paw succulent is hardy in USDA zones 9-11.

Succulent identification: The fuzzy succulent bear’s paw has cute furry rounded leaves that look like a tiny bear’s foot. Some types of bear’s paws have dark purple or red tips if they get plenty of sunlight.

String of Pearls (Senecio rowleyanus)

String of Pearls

‘String of Pearls’ looks best as hanging ornamental succulent

One of the prettiest hanging succulents is the String of Pearls. This creeping succulent species has pearl-like or pea-like green balls attached to thin stems. This ornamental succulent is from the family Asteraceae which means it is more closely related to daisies than cacti.

Another common name for the String of Pearls succulent is ‘string of beads.’ Its trailing stems grow up to 3 ft. (90 cm) long and have a number of small peas-shaped leaves on them.

Under the right indoor conditions, the ‘String of Pearls’ succulent flowers in the summer. The small white flowers are trumpet-shaped and classed as compound flowers – similar to other types of asters.

The string of pearls is a pretty succulent and it’s one of the best plants for hanging baskets.

String of pearls succulent is hardy in USDA zones 9-12.

Succulent identification: String of pearls have identifiable round ball-like green leaves attached to dangling stems. The hanging succulent looks like green peas attached to dangling strings.

Pincushion Cactus (Mammillaria crinita)

pincushion

The pincushion is a type of flowering succulent cactus with fleshy leaves and spikes

The pincushion cactus is a type of succulent cactus. Due to its distinctive furry appearance, this cactus is a favorite with many people.

This spiky succulent is one of about 250 cacti in the Mammillaria family and is native to Mexico. One of the advantages of adding a pincushion cactus to your succulent garden is that it is quite short. It doesn’t grow taller than 6” (15 cm) and you will also get vibrant pink flowers when it blooms.

Pincushion cactus is hardy in USDA zones 9-11.

Succulent identification: The pincushion cactus is a fuzzy-looking green succulent covered with fine silvery-white hairs and light pink and white flowers.

Snake Plant (Sansevieria trifasciata)

snake plant succulent

The snake plant has ornamental green and yellow long leaves and requires little care – read about other types of snake plants (Sansevieria Varieties)

‘Snake plant’ is the common name for Sansevieria trifasciata and it belongs to the family Asparagaceae. The striking feature of the Sansevieria species is the long sword-like green leaves with yellow edging. This beautiful plant is actually a rosette-type succulent. The leaves grow tall and can reach up to 3 ft. (90 cm), with some being known to grow as tall as 6 ft. (2 m)!

One of the reasons to grow snake plant succulent indoors is that it grows well in poor conditions. This easy care succulent requires little maintenance and can provide attractive green and yellow colors to your home décor.

This succulent is also called ‘mother-in-law’s tongue,’ ‘St. George’s sword,’ and ‘viper’s browsing hemp.’

The snake plant is winter hardy to USDA zones 10-12.

Succulent identification: Snake plant succulents are easy to identify due to their long, pointed clumps of dark green and yellow fibrous leaves that grow upright.

Haworthia Fasciata “Zebra Plant”

Haworthia Fasciata zebra plant

The Zebra plant is a small succulent with white markings that look like stripes

If you are looking for a small succulent with a striking appearance, then the Haworthia fasciata “zebra plant” is a great choice. These exotic succulents are native to South America.

The Zebra plant is a small succulent that only grows to about 4” (10 cm) tall. It has dark green triangular leaves with white stripes. Its thick fleshy leaves grow in a rosette form. This is a flowering succulent that may produce yellow flowers in late fall or early winter.

Zebra succulents are the perfect houseplant where space is limited.

Growing outdoors, Haworthiopsis fasciata “Zebra Plant” grows in USDA zones 9 to 11.

Succulent identification: The zebra plant is a thick-leaved succulent plant with a spiky appearance. The thick cylindrical pointed leaves are covered in raised white stripes and dots.

Haworthia cooperi – The Transparent Succulent

haworthia cooperi truncata

The Haworthia cooperi are slow-growing succulents with unusual fleshy translucent leaves

The Haworthia cooperi is a small rare succulent plant with fleshy translucent leaves. The “see-through” Haworthia cooperi succulent has shiny transparent leaves that grow in a rosette pattern in sandy soil.

The transparent Haworthia plant is very easy to grow at home. All it needs is some indirect light, warmth, and watering every so often.

Haworthia cooperi includes various cultivars with an interesting and unusual look. Depending on the Haworthia cooperi cultivar, the plump leaves can be triangular-shaped or globular.

Haworthia cooperi is hardy succulent in USDA zones 10 and 11.

Succulent identification: The Haworthia cooperi is an easily identifiable succulent due to its translucent ball-like or triangular, rounded light green leaves.

Hoya Kerrii (Lucky-Heart) Plant

Hoya kerrii

Hoya kerrii is a succulent that is also called sweetheart hoya or valentine hoya

The Hoya kerrii (sweetheart plant or lucky-heart plant) is a cool-looking type of succulent that is grown indoors. The heart shaped leaves of this type of succulent are the reason why it’s also named love heart plant.

The sweetheart succulent plant grows best in bright direct light and well-draining loose soil, with only occasional watering. Keep these unique and unusual indoor plants in a temperature range of 65°F to 80°F (18°C – 27°C) and medium humidity. Fertilize up to four times a year in the growing season.

Learn how to care for hoya kerrii (sweetheart plant / valentine hoya) and find out other beautiful hoya varieties.

Hoya kerrii is winter hardy to USDA zone 11.

Succulent identification:  The Hoya kerrii is easy to recognize due to its succulent leaves in a heart shape. Although the lucky-heart plant is a trailing or climbing plant, you will most commonly see the single leaves for sale in a pot.

Pig’s Ear (Cotyledon orbiculata)

pig's ear

Pig’s ear succulent can grow outdoors as a type of tall flowering succulent

The thick round leaves on this Cotyledon succulent give the plant its name of Pig’s Ears. The gray-green oval leaves can grow up to 5” (13 cm) long and have a distinct red line running around their edges.

The Cotyledon succulent plant can grow to about 4 ft. (1.3 m) tall, which looks stunning in a succulent garden. One of the best things with the Pig’s Ear succulent is when it blooms. Tall stalks produce a mass of dainty orange bell-shaped flowers.

The Pig’s Ears (Cotyledon) succulent is hardy in USDA zones 9-11.

Succulent identification: The pig’s ear succulent is identified by its dollar-shaped green leaves with red margins. The clumps of pale green leaves grow on woody stems, making the pig’s ear plant look like a small succulent tree.

Zwartkop (Aeonium arboreum ‘Zwartkop’)

Zwartkop

Aeonium Arboreum ‘Zwartkop’ (Black Rose Succulent) is a purple succulent whereas other common Aeonium Arboreum cultivars are green

One of the most striking succulents to grow in your garden is the Aeonium ‘Zwartkop’. Due to its dark-colored leaves and rosette shape, the Aeonium Zwartkop cultivar is also called the ‘black rose.’ What is even more stunning is when the dark purple succulent produces bright yellow flowers.

The common varieties of the subtropical Aeonium arboreum succulent have light lime-green leaves and grow as a small shrubby bush. The common species (Aeonium Arboreum) are also called ‘Irish rose’ and ‘treehouse leek.’

The Aeonium Zwartkop is hardy in USDA zones 9-11.

Succulent identification: The Zwartkop succulent has an easily recognizable large rose flower-like head on the end of woody stems. The characteristic of the Zwartkop plant is its dark purple, almost black leaves growing in a pinwheel shape.

Sunburst Succulent (Aeonium ‘Sunburst’)

aeonium sunburst

Aeonium ‘Sunburst’

The appropriately named ‘Sunburst’ succulent has green leaves with red or light pink edges fanning out in a circle from the center. This Aeonium succulent hybrid has branches with large rosettes that can measure up to 12″ (30 cm) in diameter.

The distinct pinwheel shape of Aeonium ‘Sunburst’ is representative of most succulents in the genus Aeonium.

The Aeonium ‘Sunburst’ succulent is hardy in USDA zones 9-11.

Discover other beautiful types of Aeonium succulents.

Succulent identification: The sunburst succulent is identified by its striped yellow and green leaves and bright pink margins. Growing in a large rosette shape, the sunburst succulent plant is one of the most colorful large succulents.

Mother of Thousands Plant (Bryophyllum daigremontianum or Kalanchoe daigremontiana)

potted mother of thousands

Potted mother of thousands plants. Plants can grow up to 1.85 m tall (6 feet)

The mother of thousands plant (Bryophyllum daigremontianum or Kalanchoe daigremontiana) is an interestingly-shaped succulent plant that thrives indoors as a houseplant or outdoors in zones 9 – 11.

The unusual feature of the mother of thousands is the tiny plantlets that grow along the leaf margins. These plantlets grow roots, making the plant easy to propagate.

The mother of thousands is a highly invasive plant. The tiny plantlets grow vigorously, and the succulent can quickly overtake a garden. So, if you are growing the plant outdoors, it’s best to grow it in a container.

Succulent identification: The mother of thousands succulent has identifiable oblong leaves that are slightly folded along the midrib and have small plantlets growing along the margins.

Further reading: Mother of Thousands Plant Care.

Paddle Plant (Kalanchoe thyrsiflora or Kalanchoe luciae)

Paddle Plant (Kalanchoe thyrsiflora or Kalanchoe luciae): Flapjack Succulent Care

Kalanchoe thyrsiflora has green leaves with red margins that are enhanced when the plant is exposed to sun

Also named the flapjack succulent, the paddle plant has large spatulate leaves with red margins, characteristic of many types of succulents. The jade-green leaves can turn darker hues of red and purple when growing in cool temperatures. Paddle plant succulents grow up to 10” (25 cm) tall in pots.

The common name flapjack succulent comes from the way the flat, round leaves grow stacked like pancakes. Other names for the paddle plant include desert cabbage, white lady, and red pancakes.

Paddle plants only grow outside in USDA zones 10 through 12.

Succulent identification: Paddle plants have large, rounded waxy leaves that grow in a rosette pattern.

Further reading: Paddle Plant Succulent Care.

Woolly Senecio or Cocoon Plant (Caputia tomentosa)

Woolly Senecio or Cocoon Plant (Caputia tomentosa)

Woolly Senecio or Cocoon Plant (Caputia tomentosa)

The woolly senecio is a fuzzy succulent with small felted white cylindrical leaves growing in clumps from woody stems. The white-colored succulent has a striking appearance with its furry grayish-white leaves. Woolly senecio succulents grow between 4” – 10” (10 – 25 cm) tall.

The succulent also has the botanical name Senecio haworthii. The common names for the plant come from the fact that its leaves resemble small furry cocoons. Cocoon plants are not cold-hardy and need plenty of sunlight to thrive.

Succulent identification: The woolly senecio has easily identifiable fuzzy cocoon-shaped leaves growing in clusters up stems.

Pussy Ears (Kalanchoe tomentosa)

Pussy Ears (Kalanchoe tomentosa)

Pussy Ears (Kalanchoe tomentosa)

As the name implies, the pussy ears succulent is a fuzzy succulent with small, lightly folded leaves resembling a cat’s ears. The identifying feature of the pussy ears is the dark burgundy red rim around the leaf margins. Also called panda plants, pussy ears succulent cultivars typically have grayish or bluish-green leaves.

A pussy ears plant grows up to 1.5 ft. (0.45 m) tall, and the furry oval leaves grow on thick woody stems. The best place to grow a pussy ears plant is in a sunny spot on a south-facing windowsill. It can also be grown outdoors in USDA zones 9 – 11.

Succulent identification: Identify pussy ears by their oval grayish-green fuzzy leaves with dark red or brown tips around the rounded apex.

Moon Cactus

grafted Cactus

The colorful moon cactus gives a stunning look to any home

Moon cactus is an unusual colorful cactus with a colorful globular pink, orange, yellow, or red top, and dark green spiky stem. Types of moon cacti are developed by grafting a brightly-colored Gymnocalycium mihanovichii cactus on a regular cactus. These plants don’t produce chlorophyll, so grafting allows the colorful top to grow on any type of cactus.

Moon cacti are one of the most diverse types of succulents. You can find moon cacti with multi-colored ball-like tops. A trait of all moon cacti is the prominent ribs and small clusters of spines on the colorful top.

Grow a moon cactus in bright sunshine and water occasionally to help it thrive.

Because the bottom section is usually an upright cactus with a star shape on its cross-section, moon cacti also go by the name star-flower cactus.

Succulent identification: The most recognizable feature of a moon cactus is its brightly colored globular top sitting on a dark green base.

Further reading: Moon Cactus Care and Growing Guide.

Succulent Types for Outdoors (With Pictures) – Identification Guide

Succulents are great outdoor plants for planting in south-facing rock gardens in warm and dry climates. Some types of succulents such as agaves are also good for growing outdoors as they tend to be large plants.

If you live in cooler climates but still enjoy warm summers, then you can also grow succulents outside in containers and bring them indoors in the winter. Some succulents also are hardy enough to withstand harsh winters.

Most of the outdoor succulents mentioned here can also grow inside as interesting houseplants.

Agave

Agave succulents include many large species that look stunning in your cactus garden

Agave succulents include many large species that look stunning in your cactus garden

Agave is a genus of succulents in the family Asparagaceae and they can grow very large. Agave identification is by their large, thick triangular fleshy leaves. Some types of outdoor agaves are cold-hardy and can grow in USDA zones 5 – 10. Most agaves thrive in warmer climates in the Southern US, Mexico, and the Mediterranean.

One of the striking features of Agave succulents is when they flower. During this rare occurrence a long spike up to 21 ft. (7 m) emerges from the center of the rosette Agave plant.

Some agave species such as the ‘Golden Flowered Century Plant’ is rosette-shaped and has beautiful blue fleshy leaves. The ‘King of the Agaves’ is a stunning blue succulent with a spiky rosette shape. The ‘Artichoke Agave’ is a perennial succulent with triangular leaves in a large rosette shape.

Succulent identification: Agave succulent plants look like large aloe plants and have a clump of thick fleshy bluish-green leaves growing in a rosette shape.

Roseum Sedum (Sedum spurium ‘Roseum’)

Pictures of Sedum spurium ‘Album’ succulent and Sedum spurium 'Purpurteppich' succulent

In the pictures: Sedum spurium ‘Album’ succulent (left) and Sedum spurium ‘Purpurteppich’ succulent (right)

Roseum succulent plants are as beautiful indoors as they are growing outdoors. Their dainty light green succulent leaves have a pale pink tinge to their edges. The plant leaves are shaped in a rosette form and have slightly serrated edges. When in full sun, the color of the leaves intensifies and you should get beautiful light pink flowers when they bloom.

When growing outdoors in zones 4-10, this succulent grows vigorously and is great for full-sun ground cover. This beautiful plant also grows well in containers and makes for attractive hanging baskets.

Succulent identification: Roseum sedum succulents have green fleshy leaves that turn reddish-pink when growing in full sun. This ground-cover succulent plant also blooms with pink flowers when conditions are ideal.

Torch Plant (Aristaloe aristata)

Torch Plant

The Torch plant is a large succulent with spiky appearance

The Torch plant is a succulent which is in the same tribe as aloe vera (Aloeae) and has a similar look. In the right conditions, the long fleshy triangular leaves in a rosette shape can grow to about 10 ft. (3 m) tall. The succulent green lance-shaped leaves are characterized by toothed edges. This gives the plant a bristly appearance and feel.

Torch plant is hardy to zones 8 – 10 and prefers the warmth. If you live in a warm climate and have space in your garden, then the Torch plant succulent can create an eye-catching feature.

Succulent identification: The torch plant succulent is with triangular green leaves with a rosette growth habit. The lanceolate succulent leaves have identifiable white-toothed margins and white bumps.

Hens and Chicks Succulent (Sempervivum tectorum)

Hens and Chicks

Hens and chicks are cold hardy succulents that can be used as ground-cover plants

One of the cutest types of succulent to grow in a rock garden or container is ‘Hens and Chicks’. Because of their hardiness and ability to survive all sorts of conditions, they are also called ‘live forever’ plants. Even in freezing cold climates, these pretty succulents stay green all year round.

Hens and Chicks is a cool succulent plant that grows in the shape of a beautiful rosette up to 4” (10 cm) across. The fleshy leaves can also be in a number of colors including blue, red, green with pink blushing, or green and purple tips.

Although these beautiful succulents only grow for about 3 years, the number of ‘chicks’ they produce means that they seem to live forever.

Succulent identification: Hens and chicks are small succulents with rounded or pointed leaves growing in a rosette pattern. There are many types of hens and chicks plants, each with beautiful green, red, blue, and pink colors and shaped like rose flowers.

Firestick Plant ‘sticks on fire’ (Euphorbia tirucalli ‘sticks on fire’)

Firestick Plant care

‘Sticks on fire’ plant contains toxic substance for humans and pets so you should handle it with extreme care

The firestick plant ‘sticks on fire’ (also called pencil cactus) is a type of succulent, not cactus, that has clumps of pencil-like stems exhibiting an orangey-red color that looks like it’s on fire.

Firestick plant is a large ornamental succulent that can decorate any garden or landscaped space with its stunning stem color. Because of its impressive growth and predominantly red colors, firestick plant bushes resemble sea coral.

The firestick plant is an easy succulent to grow and is hardy in USDA zones 10 – 12. The firestick succulent thrives in bright sunlight, warm temperatures, and low humidity.

It’s best to grow the firestick plant outdoors in warm climates, as this succulent contains white substance that’s toxic to dogs and cats, and can severely irritate the skin and eyes of humans.

Succulent identification: The firestick succulent has identifiable pencil-like stems that are shades of red or orange.

Candelabra Cactus (Euphorbia Trigona)

african milk tree

Euphorbia Trigona is an easy to grow low maintenance cactus-like succulent

The Candelabra cactus (Euphorbia trigona or Euphorbia cactus) is a type of succulent, not a true species of cactus. Also called the African milk tree, this plant is a tall-growing branching succulent that you can grow outdoors in a warm climate (USDA 10-11).

Euphorbia trigona succulent has a central stem with branches that grow upward. Along the ridges of the stems are thorns and small oval-shaped leaves. At maturity, the euphorbia plant reaches up to 6 ft. (1.8 m) in height.

The tall-growing Euphorbia succulent is easy to grow indoors as well. It thrives in a bright spot where it gets plenty of indirect sunlight. Read more on How to Care For African Milk Tree (Euphorbia Cactus / Candelabra Cactus).

Succulent identification: The candelabra cactus is a succulent with tall three-sided fleshy stems containing sharp spines. The succulent has offshoots from the main stem that turn upward, giving the tall succulent a classic cactus look.

Queen of the Night Cactus (Epiphyllum oxypetalum)

Queen of the Night (Epiphyllum oxypetalum)

Queen of the night (Epiphyllum oxypetalum) is classified as an orchid cactus

Queen of the night cactus is a stunning succulent with flattened, broad, dangling leaves and huge white flowers that only bloom at night. The queen of the night is classed as an orchid cactus due to its epiphytic nature and showy orchid-like flowers. The cactus orchid’s climbing or pendulous leaves grow up to 20 ft. (6 m) long.

Although it doesn’t look like a typical succulent, the queen of the night has succulent fleshy leaves where it stores moisture. Queen of the night also goes by names such as lady of the night, night-blooming cereus, and Dutchman’s pipe cactus.

Grow queen of the night outdoors in USDA zones 10 to 12.

Succulent identification: You can identify a queen of the night orchid by its flattened succulent green leaf-like stems. Queen of the night blooms are large, white showy flowers 12” (30 cm) long and 8” (20 cm) wide.

Further reading: Queen of the Night Cactus: Plant Care and Growing Guide.

German Empress (Disocactus phyllanthoides)

German Empress (Disocactus phyllanthoides)

German Empress (Disocactus phyllanthoides)

The German empress is a flowering orchid cactus with green flat, leaf-like stems growing up to 3 ft. (1 m) long and showy pink flowers. Unlike the related queen of the night cactus, the German empress blooms during the daytime. However, growing conditions throughout the year should be ideal for the plant to bloom.

The German empress succulent is best grown outdoors in USDA zones 9 – 11.

Succulent identification: The best way to identify the German empress cactus is by its showy cup-shaped pink blooms that are 4” (10 cm) long and 3.5” (9 cm) wide.

Elephant Bush (Portulacaria afra)

Portulacaria afra bush

Elephant bushes grown outdoors

Elephant bush is a shrub-like flowering succulent plant with small oval or obovate-shaped green leaves and clusters of star-shaped white or pink flowers. Growing in pots indoors, the colorful trailing stems look spectacular, dangling from hanging baskets. In USDA zone 10 and 11, the succulent grows as a shrub between 8 and 15 ft. (2.5 – 4.5 m) tall.

Portulacaria afra variegata

Portulacaria afra ‘Variegata’ grown indoors

The name of the succulent Elephant bush comes from the fact that elephants enjoy eating it. The succulent also goes by the names spekboom and porkbush. Because the bush-like plant looks like jade plants, it also has the name dwarf jade plant.

The Rainbow elephant bush (Portulacaria afra ‘Variegata’) is a variegated variety with green and creamy-white leaves.

Succulent identification: The elephant bush has identifiable reddish trailing stems covered in small rounded green leaves with the widest part at the apex and the narrowest part at the stem.

Types of Hanging Succulents (With Pictures) – Identification Guide

Many succulents grow fleshy or moisture-retaining leaves on dangling stems. Some hanging succulents such as Burro’s tail, Hindu rope, and queen of the night have thick stems that grow many feet long. These make eye-catching hanging basket plants. Other hanging succulents have thin, thread-like stems and unusually-shaped delicate leaves.

Here is a list of some delicate succulents that have stems that look like long dangling strings:

String of Bananas (Senecio radicans)—The thread-like stems have crescent-shaped leaves that look like bananas.

string of banana

String of Bananas (Senecio radicans)

String of Dolphins (Senecio hippogriff)—The unusually succulent leaves look like dolphins jumping out of the water. Thus, the plant is also called the dolphin necklace.

String of Dolphins (Senecio hippogriff)

String of Dolphins (Senecio hippogriff)

String of Tears (Senecio herreianus)—The succulent trailing stems have masses of tear-shaped leaves that resemble a water droplet.

String of Tears (Senecio herreianus)

String of Tears (Senecio herreianus)

String of Nickels (Dischidia nummularia)—As the name suggests, the leafy foliage on the string-like stems consist of small oval leaves like nickels.

String of Nickels (Dischidia nummularia)

String of Nickels (Dischidia nummularia)

String of Hearts (Ceropegia woodii)—Beautiful heart-shaped leaves cascade on thin stems. The succulent leaves are grayish-green on the upper side and purple on the underside.

string of hearts plant ceropegia woodii

String of Hearts (Ceropegia woodii)

Further reading: Vining or Trailing Succulents for Hanging Baskets.

String of Buttons (Crassula perforata)

String of Buttons (Crassula perforata)

String of buttons young stems grow upright, but have trailing nature as they grow longer

The string of buttons is a shrub-like succulent with thick fleshy stems and leaves that look like they’re stacked on the stems. The succulent button-like leaves are jade-green with hints of pink and grow in opposite pairs along the stem. The sprawling succulent stems grow up to 2 ft. (0.6 m) tall and become pendulous over time.

The string of buttons has other names such as stacked crassula, pagoda plant, or necklace vine.

Succulent identification: The string of buttons has identifiable triangular leaves growing oppositely on succulent stems and look like the stem pierces through the middle of the stack of leaves.

Hindu Rope (Hoya carnosa ‘Compacta’)

hoya carnosa compacta

Hoya carnosa Compacta is also called ‘Krinkle Kurl’ or Hindu rope plant

The Hindu rope plant is a type of hoya wax plant with spectacular curled leaves growing on succulent vines with clusters of star-shaped pink porcelain flowers. The elongated oval or ovate leaves grow 1.2” to 2” (3 – 5 cm) wide and between 1.2 and 5” (3 and 13 cm) long. Hoyas produce clusters of sweetly-scented flowers in an umbrella shape.

Succulent identification: The Hindu rope has dark-green waxy leaves with a glossy surface. The Hoya carnosa ‘Compacta’ or Krinkle Kurl has twisted green leaves. The fragrant pink or white flowers have a fussy sheen and look like small stars.

Further reading: Hindu Rope Plant (Hoya Carnosa Compacta): Ultimate Care Guide.

Trailing Wax Plant (Hoya pachyclada)

Trailing Wax Plant (Hoya pachyclada)

The trailing wax plant can grow outdoors in warm temperatures

The trailing wax plant has waxy oval leaves grown on trailing woody stems and clusters of scented white flowers. The hoya plant has compact growth and looks stunning growing in pots or hanging baskets. A feature of the hoya leaves is that they develop red edges on the round leaves.

The trailing wax plant flowers form a ball of white, star-shaped flowers. When blooming in spring, the hoya flowers give off a pleasant fragrance and may bloom numerous times in the season.

Succulent identification: Thick fleshy oval or round leaves growing compactly on woody stems and white flower clusters are the identifying features of the trailing wax plant.

Further reading: Hoya Plant Care: How to Grow Hoya Varieties (Wax Plant).

Calico Kitten (Crassula pellucida ‘Variegata’)

Calico Kitten (Crassula pellucida marginalis Variegata)

The colorful leaves of calico kitten add decorative touch to a hanging basket or as a ground cover

One of the prettiest succulents is the calico kitten with small creamy-white, green, and pink leaves. As a spreading succulent, the stems start to spill over the edge of its container. The leaves can have deep pink colors or just pale yellow with a light green center, depending on the growing conditions.

If you live in USDA zones 9 to 11, you can grow calico kitten plants in a rock garden as colorful ground cover for full sun. For most people, calico kitten plants are beautiful potted plants to grow on a sunny windowsill.

Succulent identification: Colorful calico kitten succulents are identified by their yellow-green elliptic leaves with rosy-red edges.

Lantern Flower (Ceropegia haygarthii)

Lantern Flower (Ceropegia haygarthii)

The unusual and unique flowers of Ceropegia haygarthii add interest to any hanging basket

The lantern flower plant is a compact hanging basket succulent with vines producing egg-shaped leaves and unusual succulent flowers. The lantern flowers are funnel-shaped with cream-colored petals covered with purple flecks. The unusual feature of the flowers is that they are fused at the tips and have protruding purple discs on a short stem.

Lantern flower succulent vining stems grow up to 10 ft. (3 m) long. The small green round leaves grow sparsely on the thick vines, and the creamy flowers grow 1.5” (4 cm) long and 1” (2.5 cm).

Succulent identification: The easiest way to identify the lantern flower succulent vine is by the tube-like flowers that curve upward and the five petals that fuse into a funnel-like flower.

How to Care for Succulents

Succulents are generally easy-to-care-for houseplants. Their fascinating shapes, textures, and colors look beautiful in any room. Succulents are generally kept as small indoor plants, and you can care for a few of them easily without any bother.

Most types of succulents require similar care to help them keep their color and grow properly. You should place your succulent in bright sunlight and rotate them every so often so all parts of the plant get the sun.

Succulents also should be placed in well-drained soil to prevent root rot. Usually, regular cactus potting soil is perfect for growing succulents at home. You should water your succulents when the top 1” (2.5 cm) of soil is dry. To make sure your succulents get enough water, pour in enough water until it runs out the drainage holes.

With indoor succulents, you also need to wipe the dust off the leaves with a damp cloth. This helps to encourage growth and keep your indoor succulent houseplants healthy.

Read the ultimate guide to caring for succulents and keeping them alive.

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