Types of Jasmine Flowers: Amazing Varieties of Jasmine Plants and Their Flowers

jasmine varieties

Jasmine flowers are well known for their pure white color and wonderful aroma or scent. Jasmine is a type of fragrant shrub or vine in the Oleaceae family that belongs to the Jasminum genus. This means that jasmine is in the same subgroup as olive, lilac, and forsythia plants.

The jasmine plant flowers from the spring until fall. Its dark green foliage contrasting with pure white flowers make the plant a beautiful addition to any garden or even as a houseplant growing in an indoor container.

Although you may think of jasmine shrubs as just one species of plant, there are actually many. Common jasmine is the most popular species of jasmine. However, other types of this fragrant bush include Royal Jasmine, Dwarf Jasmine, Italian Jasmine, and even Pink Jasmine.

In this article, you will find out how to identify features of many jasmine species. At the end of the article, you will find out how to care for a jasmine plant.

Types of Jasmine Flowers (With Pictures and Names)

Let’s look in more detail as some of the identifying characteristics of the different kinds of jasmine shrubs and vines. The following list of jasmine plants includes pictures and scientific name of each type.

Common Jasmine

common jasmine

Common Jasmine is the most commonly grown type of jasmine in the world

This species of climbing plant is often just referred to as jasmine (Jasminum officinale). Other names for this jasmine plant include ‘summer jasmine,’ ‘white jasmine,’ and ‘poet’s jasmine.’ It is the most commonly grown type of jasmine in the world.

Common jasmine is a fast-growing semi-evergreen deciduous climbing vine. It has pure white flowers that give off a wonderfully heady aroma. Usually, common jasmine starts flowering in late spring and continues until fall. Flowers grow in clusters on the plant and each pretty flower has 5 petals. The aromatic white flowers in these clusters measure around 1” (2.5 cm) wide.

The foliage of common jasmine is green fuzzy leaves that are arranged like a feather (pinnate) on the stems. These leaves taper to a point.

Because of its vigorous climbing habits, common jasmine is good for covering trellises, arbors, or walls. You can also use jasmine as a low-growing ground cover plant or grow it in containers. This type of jasmine can grow up to between 15 and 30 ft. (4.5 – 9 m) and has a spread of up to 15 ft. (4.5 m).

Grows well in zones 7 – 10.

Angel Wing Jasmine

Angel Wing Jasmine

Angel Wing jasmine has flowers with long thin petals that look like white stars

Angel Wing jasmine (Jasminum nitidum) has some of the prettiest flowers from all of the jasmine species. Similar to common jasmine, Angel Wing jasmine is a vigorous climbing vine with wonderfully scented flowers.

Other names for this jasmine shrub include ‘Star jasmine,’ ‘Shining jasmine,’ and ‘Pinwheel jasmine.’ All of these names refer to some identifying feature of this jasmine plant.

The large ivory-white flowers have long thin petals that fan out to look like white rays. These dainty flowers can grow to about 2” (5 cm) across and have aroma common to jasmine. Like with many jasmine shrubs, the flowers grow in clusters and bloom from late spring until the end of summer. The flowers have purple undersides which make this a particularly ornamental plant.

One of the identifying features of this jasmine species is its glossy green leaves.

This type of jasmine isn’t as cold hardy as common jasmine. Most people who grow Angel Wing jasmine outdoors prune it regularly to create a decorative container shrub. Its cascading vines, glossy leaves, and aromatic pin-like flowers make for an attractive garden feature.

Grows well in zones 10 and 11.

Royal Jasmine

royal jasmine

The species of Royal jasmine is often used in perfumes for its sweet aroma

Like most jasmine species, Royal jasmine (Jasminum grandiflorum) is a scrambling vine that has pretty white flowers. Other names for Royal jasmine include ‘Spanish Jasmine,’ and ‘Catalan jasmine.’ Compared to common jasmine, this type of jasmine has a more shrub-like nature and doesn’t grow as tall.

Due to the unique sweet scent of the flowers, Royal jasmine is often the species used for jasmine aroma. In some countries, Royal jasmine is used in perfumes and also to flavor tea.

The trailing vines of Royal jasmine usually grow to between 2 and 4 ft. (0.6 – 1.2 m). Royal jasmine flowers are similar to the ‘common’ variety. Each flower consists of pure white petals in an open star shape. The flowers grow in abundant clusters and are so numerous that the bush can look almost white. When in full bloom in the summer, the flowers produce an aromatic scent that fills the air.

Grows well in zones 7 – 10.

Dwarf Jasmine

dwarf jasmine

Dwarf jasmine can be identified by its small size and yellow flowers

If you have a small garden or want to grow jasmine in containers, then Dwarf jasmine (Jasminum parkeri) is an excellent choice. This small evergreen shrub only reaches a height of 1 ft. (30 cm) and has a moderate spreading nature.

Apart from its small size, one of the identifying features of Dwarf jasmine is its bright yellow flowers. These dainty flowers are made up of 5 yellow lobes or petals. From spring until the fall, you can expect an abundance of these yellow jasmine flowers on the shrub.

One difference between Dwarf jasmine and most other varieties is the size of leaves. Small oval leaves grow on short stems giving the jasmine plant a compact look. This jasmine subspecies isn’t as aromatic as other varieties; however, you still get aromas of jasmine from it.

Use Dwarf jasmine as a colorful ground cover plant or plant it in containers. You can also prune the jasmine shrub into various ornamental shapes. Dwarf jasmine is also grown to use in cut flower displays for its dainty foliage and sun-yellow flowers.

Grows well in zones 7 – 10.

Wild Jasmine

wild jasmine

Jasminum fruticans (left) and Jasminum angustifolium (right) are both referred to as wild jasmine

Wild jasmine (Jasminum fruticans) is a yellow variety of jasmine that has small glossy leaves and pretty yellow flowers.

This type of jasmine is also called common yellow jasmine (Jasminum fruticans) and is a small shrub with fragrant yellow flowers. This is not a trailing type of jasmine but grows into a dome shape about 6.5 ft. (2 m) high. Its bright yellow flowers are tubular and look like a small trumpet. You can expect common yellow jasmine to flower in mid-summer to late fall.

Unlike common jasmine, yellow wild jasmine has small oval glossy leaves that grow abundantly on the stems.

One of the advantages of growing wild jasmine is that it is a cold-hardy type of jasmine. This evergreen shrub can survive well in cooler climates and in some places is a semi-evergreen plant. You can train the plant to provide good ground cover or let it grow into an attractive hedge.

Another plant referred to as ‘wild jasmine’ is Jasminum angustifolium. This flowering climbing plant produces large clusters of white flowers and has large glossy leaves.

Grows well in zones 6b – 10.

Pink Jasmine

pink jasmine

Pink jasmine is a type of decorative climbing jasmine with fragrant blooms

One very decorative type of climbing vine is Pink jasmine (Jasminum polyanthum). The name ‘pink jasmine’ comes from the abundance of pink buds that decorate this shrubby vine. Its 5-petal white flowers with the pinkish buds give this type of jasmine an exotic, oriental appearance.

Pink jasmine has an intense aroma when it flowers from early spring until fall. The pretty white flowers sit on the end of light pink tubes. Each flower measures 1” (2.5 cm) across and, similar to common jasmine, they grow in large clusters.

One of the features of Pink jasmine is its intense fragrance. The large number of flowers on this climbing vine just add to the intensity of scent it produces. From all of the jasmine cultivars available, pink jasmine is one of the largest. This fast-growing vine can reach heights of up to 20 ft. (6 m). This means it is an excellent plant for aromatic floral ground cover or to decorate arbors or trellises.

You can expect this exotic climbing shrubby jasmine plant to flower in winter and early spring. If you live in warm climates, you may even find that your pink jasmine blossoms all year long.

Grows well in zones 9 – 10.

Italian Jasmine

Italian jasmine

Italian jasmine is a type of cold hardy jasmine with yellow flowers

Native to Asia, Italian jasmine (Jasminum humile) is a type of yellow jasmine. The common name of this jasmine probably comes from when it was introduced to Europe. One of the reasons this species is popular is because it is easy to grow even in cold climates.

Italian jasmine is a semi-evergreen shrub that can grow to between 8 and 13 ft. (2.5 – 4 m). The woody stems grow more like a shrub rather than trailing vines. The bright yellow tubular flowers look quite stunning against the dark green thick leaves.

An interesting feature of Italian jasmine is the shape of its pretty flowers. Each one is a long tube-like flower with 5 petals that fan out at the end. These tubular flowers grow in small clusters and droop down like tiny bells.

This is also a good, cold-hardy type of jasmine. Even in cold winters, the plant may keep its leaves. After the frost has gone, you will be rewarded with beautiful yellow fragrant blooms in early spring until the end of summer.

Grows well in zones 7 – 11. May need some protection in very cold winters.

Primrose (Japanese) Jasmine

Japanese jasmine

The yellow flowers of the Primrose jasmine are larger than other types of jasmine

Another type of yellow jasmine, the Primrose jasmine (Jasminum mesnyi), produces brightly-colored yellow flowers. Compared to other jasmine plants, the flowers on Primrose jasmine tend to be much larger.

Also called Japanese jasmine, this scrambling type of jasmine vine grows well in warm climates and isn’t tolerant to frost. The climber can reach heights of 10 ft. (3 m) and has a spread of between 3 and 7 ft. (1 – 2).

Flowers on Italian jasmine can be either single flowers or showy double flowers. You can expect an abundance of blooms in spring and summer as well as powerful jasmine aromas to fill your garden with fragrant air.

Because this is a vigorous climber, you will need to prune it regularly to maintain it.

Grows well in zones 8 – 11.

Arabian Jasmine

Arabian jasmine

The aroma of Arabian jasmine is commonly used to flavor jasmine tea

Arabian jasmine (Jasminum sambac) has the classic jasmine aroma and is the main species used to flavor jasmine tea. The intensely fragrant star-shaped white flowers and glossy leaves can grace any garden.

This is a creeping type of evergreen jasmine shrub that thrives in warm climates. Large glossy leaves grow on the vines which contrast with the pure white clusters of large flowers. There can be 3 to 12 flowers in each cluster. Each flower can measure around 1” (2.5 cm) across and gives off an intense fragrance. As the flowers mature, they change from brilliant white to light pink.

Arabian jasmine grows to an average height for a climber. You can expect the vine to reach a height of between 6 and 10 ft. (1.8 – 3 m). You can also grow the trailing vines as cover ground where they will provide a carpet of snow-white blossoms in the summer.

Grows well in zones 9 – 12.

Arabian Jasmine ‘Grand Duke of Tuscany’

duke of Tuscany

The ‘Grand Duke of Tuscany’ is a beautiful cultivar of Arabian Jasmine with showy double blooms

One of the showiest and most beautiful types of jasmine flowers is the ‘Grand Duke of Tuscany’ jasmine shrub. This is an Arabian jasmine (Jasminum sambac) cultivar that is as fragrant as it is beautiful.

The most striking feature of the ‘Grand Duke of Tuscany’ is its large white double bloom flowers. These jasmine flowers look more like roses than typical jasmine flowers. The fragrant blossoms are comprised of ruffled petals that give them a bushy look. The deep green ruffled leaves also add to the attractive appearance of this Arabian jasmine plant.

Compared to other white jasmine species, this Arabian jasmine is a slow grower. It will grow to around 3 ft. (90 cm) maximum. Depending on your climate, this bushy shrub can flower all year long. However, in cooler climates the flowering season is during summer.

Grows well in zones 9 – 12.

Winter Jasmine

winter jasmine

The yellow, spiky-looking flowers of Winter jasmine will give a bright color during wintertime

Named ‘Winter jasmine’ due to its fragrant blooms in wintertime, this type of jasmine produces yellow, spiky-looking flowers. Winter jasmine (Jasminum nudiflorum) is a deciduous shrub that grows to a medium size. If the climate is right, this jasmine flowering shrub will transform your garden with bright yellow bushes.

You can grow winter jasmine as either a shrub or trailing vine. As a shrub, winter jasmine takes on a large sprawling bushy appearance that can be up to 4 ft. (1.2 m) tall. If you grow it as a vine, the creeping stems will reach up to 15 ft. (4.5 m).

Its slender green stems, dark green foliage, and lemon-yellow flowers look wonderful cascading over walls, growing up trellises, or decorating arbors.

Grows well in zones 6 – 9.

Indian Jasmine

Indian jasmine

The white blossoms of Indian jasmine lack fragrance but still look very pretty

Indian jasmine (Jasminum multiflorum) is an especially elegant type of jasmine plant with fragrant snow-white blossoms. Other names include ‘Star jasmine,’ ‘Winter jasmine,’ and ‘Downy jasmine.’

This variety of jasmine flowers in the winter and grows average-sized star-shaped flowers. Each pretty flower has 8 petals that fan out from the center. This fast-growing climbing plant can quickly reach heights of up to 10 ft. (3 m). Unlike many other jasmine species, this one doesn’t have any notable fragrance. However, its beauty as it flowers between November and February make up for any lack of scent.

Grows well in zones 8a – 11b.

Stiff Jasmine

stiff jasmine

Jasminum volubile is also known as Australian Wax Jasmine or Wax Jasmine

Stiff jasmine (Jasminum volubile) is a type of jasmine native to Australia. Its twining vines can reach lengths of between 15 and 30 ft. (4.5 – 9 m) and has large egg-shaped shiny leaves. Similar to Angel Wing jasmine, Stiff jasmine has dainty star-shaped white flowers that look like a pinwheel.

Grows well in zones 8b – 11.

Florida Jasmine

florida jasmine

Jasminum floridum subsp. giraldii has showy yellow flowers

Native to China the Florida jasmine (Jasminum floridum) is also called Showy Jasmine. This semi-evergreen to evergreen shrub is a type of drought tolerant and low maintenance shrub, and reaches to height and width of 3′ – 5′ (0.9 – 1.5 m). Its foliage is dark green with small yellow flowers.

Grows well in zones 6a – 10b

How to Care for Jasmine Plants

Having jasmine in your garden can add beauty, grace, and sweet scents when the plant is in bloom. If you live in cooler climates, then some cold-hardy varieties are good to plant. You can also grow some types of fragrant jasmine as a houseplant.

In general, jasmine vines require full sun to partial shade to really thrive. Soil should be kept moist but well-drained. If you want to keep jasmine as a shrub, then some pruning is required. However, if you want to decorate arbors, trellises, or pergolas, then little maintenance is needed.

To ensure you get that classic jasmine fragrance from jasmine plant, pick a fragrant variety. Some of the best types of scented jasmine plants are common jasmine, Arabian jasmine, and pink jasmine. In general, the cold-hardy jasmine cultivars aren’t as fragrant as the Asian varieties.

If you want to grow jasmine indoors in a container, you will need to place your indoor jasmine plant in a partly sunny area to encourage vigorous and healthy growth. When the jasmine plant grows taller indoors, you will need a trellis to support its growth as well as pruning it regularly to control its growth.

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